Milton and Maternal Mortality in .NET Drawer Data Matrix barcode in .NET Milton and Maternal Mortality

Milton and Maternal Mortality using .net touse data matrix barcode with web,windows application Visual Studio Ultimate 2010 that women wear a veil durin visual .net data matrix barcodes g the ceremony had been a matter of active contestation, and was upheld in ecclesiastical court on a number of occasions during the reigns of James and Charles.65 Milton himself made a very snide remark about the use of Psalm 121 during the service in An Apology (published in April 1642, a month or so before he married Mary).

66 This, and just about everything else we know about Milton s theology and politics, supports Low s assertion that Milton would never have approved of his wives undergoing the ceremony, nor if they did would he have spoken about it as he has been thought to do in this sonnet (that is to say, with affectionate longing and approval).67 Such a position fails, however, to take the ideas and desires of Mary (and perhaps, though less probably, Katherine) into consideration. It is also too quick to jump to conclusions about the psychology of Milton s grief and how his poetry might have expressed it.

Mary came from a conservative, Royalist family.68 She spent the first three years of her marriage near the king at Oxford probably a willing prisoner at her parents house in the very heart of Royalist territory. She returned to Milton s household in largely Puritan London only after the king s forces had been defeated.

There is. 65 66. 67 68. See Boulton, Neighborhood an d Society, p. 276 and Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, pp. 59 60.

Cressy gives several accounts of cases of this kind ( Purification, 136 40). He refers to such errors, tautologies, [and] impertinences, as those thanks in the womans Churching for her delivery from Sunburning and Moonblasting, as if she had bin travailing not in her bed, but in the deserts of Arabia (CP, 1.939).

The reference is to Psalm 121:6, which reads, in the version used in the 1559 Book of Common Prayer: So that the sun shall not burn thee by day: neither the moon by night (Booty, The Book of Common Prayer, p. 314). Low also notes a passage in The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce that suggests Milton believed churching was at best superfluous and at worst superstitious (CP, 2.

225). Low, Milton s Last Sonnet, 80. McLoone later suggested that the reference to churching expresses the mourner s spiritual ambivalence ( Milton s Twenty-Third Sonnet, 14 15).

Katherine Woodcock came from a family in some ways oddly like the Powells. Their fathers, in particular, resembled one another in temperament and behavior. However, the Woodcocks had a much more politically and religiously mixed heritage, with a strong Parliamentarian side.

Details about the two families can be found in Parker, pp. 866 70, 1053 5. Further details about the Woodcocks, not all of them accurate, can be found in John S.

Smart, Sonnets of Milton (Glasgow: Maclehose, Jackson and Co., 1921; rpt. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966), pp.

107 10. Katherine and Milton were members of the parish of St. Mary Aldermanbury.

According to Liu, this was one of the most important parishes in Puritan London, whose minister was the well-known and influential Presbyterian divine, Edmund Calamy, the EC of the SMECTYMNUUS group whom Milton had defended in An Apology (Liu, Puritan London, pp. 29, 73 6). They had the wedding banns published in the church, but they were married by a justice of the peace, not a clergyman, as the law at the time required (see below).

The more Puritan context of the marriage makes it seem less likely that Katherine would have undergone a churching, despite the fact that she lived long enough to have done so (whether or not she would have had the strength is a matter of conjecture). The birth of her daughter is registered in the parish of St. Mary s, but there is no record that the child was baptized.

Unfortunately, we have no record of Milton s wedding to Mary Powell, which, like the records of her death and burial, are not where they ought to be (Parker, p. 1009)..

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